Two different forms of chemotherapy may be used as ovarian cancer treatment. Intraperitoneal chemotherapy delivers the drug directly to the tumor area via a thin tube inserted into the abdomen. With systemic chemotherapy, the drug is injected or taken orally and kills cancerous cells as it travels throughout the body via the bloodstream. In most cases, chemotherapy follows surgery. However some women have chemotherapy prior to a laparotomy. Typically two or more drugs are given every three to four weeks for three to six cycles.
Radiation is often prescribed in addition to surgery or in combination with chemotherapy. One of several highly sophisticated forms of External Beam Radiation Therapy (EBRT) or Internal Radiation Therapy (IRT) may be recommended depending on the size and location of the tumor or tumors.