Your medical oncologist or gynecologic oncologist may recommend one of three different forms of chemotherapy. Neo-adjuvant or primary systemic chemotherapy is used before radiation or surgery to help shrink the tumor. Adjuvant chemotherapy is used after radiation or surgery to destroy any remaining cancer cells. Systemic chemotherapy circulates the chemotherapy throughout the body via the bloodstream when the cancer is metastatic.
Radiation therapy in combination with low-dose chemotherapy may be recommended for cervical cancer. Both External Beam Radiation Therapy (EBRT) where radiation is delivered from outside the body, and Internal Radiation Therapy (IRT), where the radiation is delivered via a source implanted within the body, are used as cervical cancer treatments.